What Drives Labor and Product market Reforms in Advanced Countries?

A new IMF working paper by Romain A Duval Davide Furceri, and Jakob Miethe find “widespread support for the crisis-induces-reform hypothesis. Reforms are also more likely to happen when other countries undertake them or there is formal pressure to implement them. Other robust correlates are more specific to certain areas—for example, political factors are most relevant for job protection reforms.”

“High unemployment, recession and/or an open economic crisis tend to be associated with a greater likelihood of reform. The effect is economically significant. For example, an increase of 10 percentage points in unemployment (as seen in several European economies in the aftermath of the Great Recession) is associated with an increase in the probability to undertake a major EPL reform for regular contract of about 5 percentage points — that is, about twice the average probability in the sample.”

“[…] outside pressure increases the likelihood of reform in certain areas. Reforms are more likely when other countries also undertake them and when there is formal pressure: many product market reforms in EU countries have occurred during their accession process, and competition-relevant EU directives have also been an important factor behind deregulation.”

Posted by at 11:22 AM

Labels: Inclusive Growth


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