Environment and Climate Change in Vietnam

A new IMF report finds:

Vietnam is highly affected by climate change. Its long coastline, geographic location, and diverse topography and climates contribute to Vietnam being one of the most hazard-prone countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Given the high concentration of the population and economic assets in coastal lowlands and the significant role played by agriculture and fisheries in the economy, Vietnam is ranked among the five countries likely to be most affected by climate change. Over the last 50 years, temperatures have increased twice as fast as the global average, the sea level has risen by 20 centimeters and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events (drought, flood, salinization) have risen sharply. Natural disasters result in 470 fatalities and cost 0.8 percent of GDP (annual average between 1990 and 2016).

Climate risks pose immense challenges. Based on the authorities’ climate change scenarios, by the end of the century, sea levels are expected to rise by up to a meter. Sea waters would then cover 40 percent of the Mekong Delta area (where half of the country’s rice is produced), 3 percent of coastal provinces and 20 percent of Ho Chi Minh City, impacting directly 10–12 percent of the population and reducing GDP by 10 percent. The sectors most affected will be agriculture, aquaculture, energy transportation and tourism.”

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Posted by at 11:27 PM

Labels: Energy

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